By Marissa Newman
Iran now has all the technical infrastructure to produce nuclear weapons should it make the political decision to do, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper wrote in a report to a Senate intelligence committee published Wednesday.
However, he added, it could not break out to the bomb without being detected.
In the â€œUS Intelligence Worldwide Threat Assessment,â€ delivered to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Clapper reported that Tehran has made significant advances recently in its nuclear program to the point where it could produce and deliver nuclear bombs should it be so inclined.
â€œTehran has made technical progress in a number of areas â€” including uranium enrichment, nuclear reactors, and ballistic missiles â€” from which it could draw if it decided to build missile-deliverable nuclear weapons,â€ Clapper wrote. â€œThese technical advancements strengthen our assessment that Iran has the scientific, technical, and industrial capacity to eventually produce nuclear weapons. This makes the central issue its political will to do so.â€
In the past year alone, the report states, Iran has enhanced its centrifuge designs, increased the number of centrifuges, and amassed a larger quantity of low-enriched uranium hexafluoride. These advancements have placed Iran in a better position to produce weapons-grade uranium.
â€œDespite this progress, we assess that Iran would not be able to divert safeguarded material and produce enough WGU [weapons grade uranium] for a weapon before such activity would be discovered,â€ he wrote.
He said the increased supervision and other â€œtransparencyâ€ to which Iran has agreed under the new interim deal, reached with the world powers in Geneva in November and finalized last week, could offer earlier warning of a breakout to the bomb. Should Iran cooperate with the interim deal, halt enrichment, and â€œprovide transparency,â€ then â€œThis transparency would provide earlier warning of a breakout using these facilities.â€
Clapper told the Senate committee that the interim deal will have an impact on Iranâ€™s nuclear weapons programâ€™s progress and â€œgets at the key thing weâ€™re interested in and most concerned about,â€ namely, Iranâ€™s 20 percent enriched uranium.
Iran had also worked hard to advance its program at the Arak heavy water facility, wrote Clapper. Its ballistic missiles, he noted, of which it has â€œthe largest inventory in the Middle East,â€ are â€œinherently capable of delivering WMD.â€ And its space program gives it the means to develop longer-range missiles, including intercontinental ballistic missiles.
â€œWe do not know if Iran will eventually decide to build nuclear weapons,â€ Clapper wrote. But he noted that Iranâ€™s overarching â€œstrategic goalsâ€ were leading it to pursue the capability to do so.